FPL | Program Components

Program Components

Introduction | Aerobic cardio-respiratory endurance | Muscular conditioning | Flexibility


The aerobic and resistance training equipment that has been provided is state of the art and superior in quality and function. Each piece of equipment has a specific purpose designed to provide a means for the development of the 3 major components of physical fitness:

  • aerobic cardiorespiratory endurance
  • muscular conditioning and
  • flexibility.

Aerobic cardio-respiratory endurance

Cardiorespiratory fitness denotes fitness of the heart, lungs and circulatory system. Aerobic activities improve the transportation of oxygen through the blood to the working muscles by improving the efficiency of:

  • the heart, which pumps the blood
  • the lungs, where the blood picks up the oxygen, and
  • the unloading of oxygen to the tissue level.

Muscular conditioning

Muscular conditioning includes muscular strength and muscular endurance.

Type of Conditioning


Muscular Strength

Muscular strength is the ability to exert force through the recruitment of the maximum possible number of muscle fibers to overcome a resistance. It's important to note that:

  • the more muscle fibers that can be brought into action, the greater the strength, and
  • progressively increasing the amount of resistance a muscle must overcome will train the muscle to work more efficiently, resulting in the use of more fibers.

Note: Strains and pulls can often be traced to poor muscular fitness and/or muscle group imbalances.

Muscular Endurance

Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle to exercise for an extended period of time without undo fatigue.


Flexibility is:

  • an attribute of joints and muscles
  • the ability of the muscles surrounding the joint to allow the joint its full range of motion and
  • the stretching of the muscles rather than the working against resistance.

Note: Individuals involved in exercise programs should spend time before and after the muscular and cardiorespiratory parts of the program doing flexibility exercises. A flexibility area is located within the facility for stretching, warm-up and cool down exercises.