Origin: Australia, Malaysia,
Impacts: The Australian pine is a fast-growing invasive
plant that is well adapted to rapidly colonizing large pieces
As soon as the tree establishes itself, its fallen leaves
release chemicals that sterilize the soil, making it impossible
for most other plants to grow there.
Also, the Australian pine is a tall tree that produces more
shade than other Florida trees. This blocks sunlight from
reaching the ground, creating a shady understory in which
native plants must struggle to survive.
Native animals and insects suffer from the Australian pine's
invasion. The pines displace the native species' food and
they do not produce anything that the native species can eat.
This exotic species uses much more water than native species
and can deplete an area's water resources. Endangered sea
turtles and crocodiles are affected because the pine destroys
their nesting habitat.
Florida's beaches are frequently hit by high windstorms.
Since Australian pines have shallow roots, they blow over
very easily, creating a hazard for people and animals.