FPL | Australian Pine
 

Australian Pine

Origin: Australia, Malaysia, southern Asia

Impacts: The Australian pine is a fast-growing invasive plant that is well adapted to rapidly colonizing large pieces of land.

As soon as the tree establishes itself, its fallen leaves release chemicals that sterilize the soil, making it impossible for most other plants to grow there.

Also, the Australian pine is a tall tree that produces more shade than other Florida trees. This blocks sunlight from reaching the ground, creating a shady understory in which native plants must struggle to survive.

Native animals and insects suffer from the Australian pine's invasion. The pines displace the native species' food and they do not produce anything that the native species can eat.

This exotic species uses much more water than native species and can deplete an area's water resources. Endangered sea turtles and crocodiles are affected because the pine destroys their nesting habitat.

Florida's beaches are frequently hit by high windstorms. Since Australian pines have shallow roots, they blow over very easily, creating a hazard for people and animals.

 

Casuarina equisetifolia

Photo courtesy of Collier County Department of Environmental Services