FPL | Florida's Exotic and Invasive Species

Florida's Exotic and Invasive Species

According to the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, "invasive exotic pest plants are biological pollutants that wipe out more natural habitat every year than development."

In Fiscal Year 1999-2000, the State of Florida spent $90,836,680 on exotic plant and animal and insect control.

Approximately 1.7 million acres of Florida's remaining natural areas have been invaded by exotic plant species.

Florida's ecosystems are unique. Exotic species alter the landscape of Florida and render habitats unsuitable to native species. This reduces biodiversity and puts additional strain on endangered species, of which Florida has more than any other state in the continental U.S.

The species listed below are just a sample of the exotic species that are affecting Florida's flora and fauna.

Species list

Brazilian Pepper

European Starling


Wild Hog

Australian Pine

Cuban Tree Frog

Japanese Climbing Fern

Fire Ant

Water Hyacinth

Asian Swamp Eel


Great Toad

Monk Parakeet

Blue Tilapia

Citrus Canker

Spectacled Caiman