Florida Panther

Panthers are the second largest cat species in the Western Hemisphere

Help protect the iconic Florida Panther

Florida panthers are long-tailed cats that weigh between 70 and 160 pounds and measure up to six feet long. Males average up to 150 pounds, while females usually weigh less than 100 pounds.

These skilled hunters prefer to eat white-tailed deer and wild hogs. Instead of chasing their prey for long distances, Florida panthers single out and ambush their prey.

Before the 1800s, Florida panthers roamed throughout the southeastern U.S. from Arkansas to Florida. As more people settled in the Southeast, panther numbers decreased due to hunting and habitat fragmentation and loss.

Automobile collisions and territorial aggression between panthers are the leading causes of panther mortality. Habitat fragmentation and loss is also a concern, since these large cats require large home ranges to live and hunt.

Breeding and Raising Kittens

On average, female panthers will start breeding when they are a little over two years old, while males mature at age 3. After mating, females give birth to a litter of up to four kittens. The kittens are born in simple, secluded dens, usually in dense vegetation to protect them from sun and rain. Mothers raise their kittens for up to two years, teaching them to hunt and survive on their own.

How can you help?

  • Drive carefully in panther territory
  • Purchase a “Protect the Panther” Florida license plate
  • Panther Florida license plate


    *Every year, $25 from the registration fees from every Florida panther license plate goes to the Florida Panther Research and Management

Panther Facts

  • The Florida panther is a unique subspecies of cougar known as Puma concolor coryi.
  • Panthers hunt at dusk and dawn.
  • Panther habitat includes cypress swamps and hardwood hammocks.

Request Brochures

Visit our brochure order page to request printed copies of our Florida panther brochures.